Enraf-Academy Introduction Note

  • Users of Enraf-Nonius treatment devices must be trained in how to use the system properly and have the appropriate skills.
  • Any treatment instructions regarding treatment location, duration and strength require medical knowledge and should only be given by authorised doctors, therapists and health professionals. It is imperative that these instructions are followed.
  • Before using Enraf-Nonius equipment, read, understand and practice the instructions for use. Know the limitations and hazards associated with using the device. Also observe the precautionary and operational decals placed on the unit.

Treatment Couches

Enraf-Nonius' Leading examination- and treatment couches at close range


Enraf-Nonius electrotherapy: Dutch quality, innovation and design

Rehabilitation and Medical Fitness

Enraf-Nonius equipment for Rehabilitation and Medical Fitness


Enraf-Nonius global sales and support. Find you local representative here!

Enraf-Nonius Projects (ENP)

The specialist in turn-key medical solutions, not only realizes hospital- and rehabilitation projects but also offers procurement and project management.

  • Belanger A.Y., Therapeutic Electrophysical Agents, Evidence Behind Practice. Third Edition. Wolters Kluwer | Lippincott Williams & Williams, 2014, ISBN: 9781469869698
  • Draper, D. O., K. Knight, T. Fujiwara, and J. C. Castel. “Temperature Change in Human Muscle during and after Pulsed Short-Wave Diathermy.” The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 29, no. 1 (January 1999): 13-18; discussion 19-22. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1999.29.1.13.
  • Guo, Lifei, Nicole J. Kubat, and Richard A. Isenberg. “Pulsed Radio Frequency Energy (PRFE) Use in Human Medical Applications.” Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 30, no. 1 (March 2011): 21–45. doi:10.3109/15368378.2011.566775
  • Kumaran, Binoy, and Tim Watson. “Radiofrequency-Based Treatment in Therapy-Related Clinical Practice – a Narrative Review. Part I: Acute Conditions.” Physical Therapy Reviews 20, no. 4 (August 2015): 241–54. doi:10.1179/1743288X15Y.0000000016.
  • Kumaran, Binoy, and Tim Watson. “Radiofrequency-Based Treatment in Therapy-Related Clinical Practice – a Narrative Review. Part II: Chronic Conditions.” Physical Therapy Reviews 20, no. 5–6 (November 2, 2015): 325–43.
  • Laufer, Y., and G. Dar. “Effectiveness of Thermal and Athermal Short-Wave Diathermy for the Management of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society 20, no. 9 (September 2012): 957–66. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2012.05.005.
  • Lehmann J, DeLateur B (1990) Therapeutic heat, In Lehmann J (ed) Therapeutic heat and cold pages 470-474, 4tedn. Baltimore, MD, Williams & Wilkins, Lightwood R (1989) The remedial electromagnetic field. J biomed Eng 11: 429-436
  • Michaelson, S.M. and Elson, E.C. (1996) Modulated fields and “window” effects, in Polk, C. and Postow, E., (eds.), Biological effects of electromagnetic fields. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press.
  • Paul A. Cacolice, Jason S. Scibek, RobRoy Martin. “Diathermy: A Literature Review of Current Research and Practices.” Orthopaedic Practice Vol. 25;3:13
  • Vavken, Patrick., Ferdi Arrich, Othmar Schuhfried, and Ronald Dorotka. “Effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee.” J Rehabil Med 2009; 41: 406–411

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